Figure 5.1
H.C. Morse, “Headquarters from Dock,” 1897. [Source: New York State Historical Association, 1.2/26.]
This is a somewhat idiosyncratic bibliography of canoes and canoeing in Canada. Additions are welcome. You can contact me here.

Andrews, Thomas D. and John B. Zoe. “The Dogrib Birchbark Canoe Project.” Arctic 51, no. 1 (March 1998): 75-84.

Beasley, Diane. “Walter Dean and Sunnyside: A Study of Waterfront Recreation.” M.A. Thesis: University of Toronto, 1995.

Benidickson, Jamie. “Recreational Canoeing in Ontario Before the First World War.” Canadian Journal of History of Sport and Physical Education 9 (December 1978): 41-57.

Benidickson, Jamie. “Paddling for Pleasure: Recreational Canoeing as a Canadian Way of Life.” In Recreational Land Use: Perspectives on its Evolution in Canada, edited by John S. Marsh and Geoffrey Wall, 323-340. Ottawa: Carleton University Press, 1982.

Benidickson, Jamie. Idleness, Water, and a Canoe: Reflections on Paddling for Pleasure. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1997.

Braun, Bruce. The Intemperate Rainforest: Nature, Culture, and Power on Canada’s West Coast. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2002.

Bringhurst, Robert. The Black Canoe: Bill Reid and the Spirit of Haida Gwaii. Vancouver: Douglas and McIntyre, 1991.

Brown, Ken. The Invention of the Board Canoe: The Peterborough Stories from Their Sources. Peterborough: Peterborough Canoe Museum, 2001.

Brown, Ken. The Canadian Canoe Company and the Early Peterborough Canoe Factories. Peterborough: Cover to Cover, 2011.

Cole, Peter. “Aboriginalizing Methodology: Considering the Canoe.” Qualitative Studies in Education 15, no. 4 (2002): 447-459.

Crowley, William. Rushton’s Rowboats and Canoes: The 1903 Catalog in Perspective. Blue Mountain Lake: Adirondack Museum, 1983.

Dean, Misao. “The Centennial Voyageur Canoe Pageant as Historical Re-enactment.” Journal of Canadian Studies/Revue d’études canadiennes 40, no. 3 (2007): 43-67.

Dean, Misao. Inheriting a Canoe Paddle: the Canoe in Discourses of English-Canadian Nationalist. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2013.

Dunkin, Jessica. “Canoes and Canvas: The Social and Spatial Politics of Sport/Leisure in Northeastern North America.” Ph.D. Dissertation: Carleton University, 2012.

Dunkin, Jessica, and Bryan Grimwood. “Mobile Habitations in Canoe-scapes.” In Lifestyle Mobilities and Corporealities, edited by Tara Duncan, Scott Cohen, Maria Thulemark, 159-175. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2013.

Dunkin, Jessica. “The Labours of Leisure: Work and Workers at the Annual Encampments of the American Canoe Association, 1880-1910.” Labour/Le Travail 73 (Spring 2014): 127-150.

Dunkin, Jessica. “Producing and Consuming Spaces of Sport and Leisure: The Encampments and Regattas of the American Canoe Association, 1880-1914.” In Moving Natures: Environments and Mobility in Canadian History, edited by Colin Coates, Jay Young, Ben Bradley, 229-250. Calgary: University of Calgary Press, 2016.

Erickson, Bruce. “Canoe Nation: Canoes and the Shifting Production of Space through White Canadian Masculinities.” Antipode 40, no. 1 (2008): 182-184.

Erickson, Bruce. “‘fucking close to water’: Queering the Production of the Nation.” In Queer Ecologies: Sex, Nature, Politics, Desire, edited by Catriona Mortimer-Sandilands and Bruce Erickson, 309–30. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2010.

Erickson, Bruce. “Canoe Nation: Race and Gender in the Making of a National Icon.” Ph.D. Dissertation: York University, 2010.

Erickson, Bruce. Canoe Nation: Rethinking Canoeing, Nature and Canada. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 2013.

Franks, C.E.S. The Canoe and White Water. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1977.

Gibbon, John Murray. The Romance of the Canadian Canoe. Toronto: The Ryerson Press, 1951.

Grimwood, Bryan S.R. “Picturing the Thelon: Natures, Ethics, and Travel within an Arctic Riverscape.” Ph.D. Dissertation: Carleton University, 2011.

Grimwood, Bryan S. R. “‘Thinking Outside the Gunnels’: Considering Natures and the Moral Terrains of Recreational Canoe Travel.” Leisure/Loisir 35, no. 1 (2011): 49–69.

Haun-Moss, Beverly. “Layered Hegemonies: The Production and Regulation of Canoeing Desire in the Province of Ontario.” Topia 7 (Spring 2002): 39-55.

Henderson, Norman. “The Canoe as Failure on the Canadian Plains.” Great Plains Research 6 (Spring 1996): 3-23.

Hodgins, Bruce, and Margaret Hobbs, eds. Nastawgan: The Canadian North by Canoe and Snowshoe. Toronto: Dundurn Press, 1985.

Hodgins, Bruce, and Gwyneth Hoyle. Canoeing North into the Unknown: A Record of Canoe Travel: 1874 to 1974. Toronto: Natural Heritage, 1994.

Hodgins, Bruce W. and Bryan Poirer. “Aboriginal Peoples and the Canoe.” In Hidden in Plain Sight: Contributions of Aboriginal Peoples to Canadian Identity and Culture, edited by D. R. Newhouse, Cora J. Voyageur and Dan Beavon, 312–27. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2005.

Jasen, Patricia. Wild Things: Nature, Culture, and Tourism in Ontario, 1790-1914. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1995.

Jennings, John, Bruce Hodgins, and Doreen Small, eds. The Canoe in Canadian Cultures. Winnipeg: Natural Heritage Books, 1999.

Jennings, John. The Canoe: A Living Tradition. Toronto: Firefly Books, 2002.

Johnston, Fred. 100 Years of Champions: The Canadian Canoe Association, 1900-2000. Kingston: Canadian Canoe Association, 2003.

McDermott, Lisa. “Exploring Intersections of Physicality and Female-Only Canoeing Experiences” Leisure Studies 23, no. 3 (July 2004): 283-301.

McDermott, Lisa. “Gender and Canoeing in the Canadian Context: A Socio-Historical Analysis” Avante 6, no. 2 (2000): 86-104.

McNab, David, Bruce Hodgins, and Dale S. Standen. “‘Black with Canoes’: Aboriginal Resistance and the Canoe: Diplomacy, Trade, and Warfare in the Meeting Grounds of Northeastern North America, 1600-1821.” In Technology, Disease and Colonial Conquests, Sixteenth to Eighteenth Centuries : Essays Reappraising the Guns and Germs Theories, edited by George Raudzens, 237-92. Leiden: Brill, 2001.

Miller, Dan. “The Charles River Canoe.” Wooden Canoe 30, no. 3 (2007): 8-15.


Morse, Eric. Fur Trade Routes of Canada: Then and Now. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1968.

Morse, Eric. Freshwater Saga: Memoirs of a Lifetime of Wilderness Canoeing in Canada. Toronto: Univesity of Toronto Press, 1987.

Mullins, Phillip M. “Living Stories of the Landscape: Perception of Place through Canoeing in Canada’s North.” Tourism Geographies 11, no. 2 (2009): 233-255.

Neel, David. The Great Canoes: Reviving a Northwest Coast Tradition. Vancouver: Douglas and McIntyre, 1995.

Newbery, Liz. “Will Any/body Carry That Canoe? A Geography of Gender and Body.” The Canadian Journal of Environmental Education 8 (2003): 204–16.

Newbery, Liz. “Canoe Pedagogy and Colonial History: Exploring Contested Space of Outdoor Environmental Education.” The Canadian Journal of Environmental Education 17 (2012): 30-45.

Newbery, Liz. “Paddling the Nation: Canadian Becoming and Becoming Canadian in and through the Canoe.” Topia 29 (Spring 2013): 131-161.

Peace, Thomas G. M. “Journeying by Canoe: Reflections on the Canoe and Spirituality.” Leisure/Loisir 33, no. 1(2009): 217-239.

Podruchny, Carolyn. Making the Voyageur World: Travelers and Traders in the North American Fur Trade. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2006.

Raffan, James, and Bert Horwood, eds. Canexus: The Canoe in Canadian Culture. Toronto: Betelguese Books, 1988.

Raffan, James. Wild Waters: Exploring North America’s Wilderness Rivers. Toronto: Key Porter, 1997.

Raffan, James. Fire in the Bones: Bill Mason and the Canadian Canoeing Tradition. Toronto: HarperCollins, 1996.

Raffan, James. Bark, Skin, and Cedar: Exploring the Canoe in Canadian Experience. Toronto: Harper Collins, 1999.

Raffan, James. Tumblehome: Meditations and Lore from a Canoeist’s Life. Toronto: Harper Collins, 2001.

Roberts, Kenneth D., and Philip Shackleton. The Canoe: A History of the Craft from Panama to the Arctic. Toronto: Macmillan, 1983.

Sarvis, Will. “Deeply Embedded: Canoes as Enduring Manifestations of Spiritualism and Communalism among the Coast Salish.” Journal of the West 42, no. 4 (2003), 74-80.

Standen, Dale. “Canoes and Canots in New France: Small Boats, Material History and Popular Imagination.” Material Culture Review 68 (2008): 34-47.

Stanley, Meg. “More Than Just a Spare Rib But Not Quite a Whole Canoe: Some Aspects of Women’s Canoe-Tripping Experiences, 1900-1940.” In Using Wilderness: Essays on the Evolution of Youth Camping in Ontario, edited by Bruce E. Hodgins and Bernadine Dodge, 51-60. Peterborough: The Frost Centre for Canadian Heritage and Development Studies, 1992.

Strong-Boag, Veronica, and Carole Gerson. Paddling Her Own Canoe: The Times and Texts of E. Pauline Johnson (Tekahionwake). Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2000.

The Bill Reid Centre, “Northwest Coast Canoes.”

Thorpe, Jocelyn. Temagami’s Tangled Wild: Race, Gender and the Making of Canadian Nature. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 2012.

Waytiuk, Judy. “Canada’s Constant Course of the Canoe.” Americas 55, no. 1 (January/February 2003): 40.

Wylie, Liz. 1998. In the Wilds: Canoeing and Canadian Art. Kleinburg, Ontario: McMichael Canadian Art Collection.